NATIONAL CAMPAIGN FOR A MORATORIUM OF AT LEAST 5 YEARS ON INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS
On January 12, 2010, three departments (West, South East, Nippes) of the country have been hit directly by a powerful earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale struck causing massive damage both human, social, economic, cultural, but not least psychologically. However, the catastrophic consequences of this natural phenomenon quickly made to feel at national level by the displacement of nearly one (1) million people, mostly to the departments of Artibonite, Central, North, Northeast is the South. Meanwhile, at the Capital about a million others live in very precarious conditions have added to the material conditions of existence of the masses. Add to that, Haiti has a military occupation of imperialist powers through the United Nations Mission for Stabilization in Haiti (MINUSTAH), which, combined with the Interim Commission for the Reconstruction of Haiti (HRIC), led by the Former American president Bill Clinton received the UN General Assembly, to lead and guide the economic and social policies of the country. This situation shows that there is need to rethink the Haitian state, self-determination of the country and to revisit the issue of public policy and accessibility of populations to Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESCR).
The popular social movement is unanimous in recognizing that the disaster is the result of a socio-historical process whose main features are exclusion, injustice and social inequalities, exacerbated by three decades of implementation of neoliberalism. While the situation of victims and displaced tends to get worse, the plans of the imperialist powers to use the country as a paradise for free zones is well underway and the Haitian economy continues to bear the brunt of bad public policy to prevent any structure productive sectors and the establishment of sustainable public policy in the country. Because of the economic policies dictated by international financial institutions (World Bank, IMF, IDB, etc..), And free trade agreements that impoverish the country’s economy especially peasant agriculture, which covers over 80% economic activities in the country, the country we are today living in extreme poverty was open to other disasters of this kind. Note that the process of impoverishment of the Haitian economy as we live in today has started under the Duvalier dictatorship in particular under the leadership of Jean Claude Duvalier, who was cleared for an alleged economic revolution whose central elements were subalternisation the economy of the country to imperialism in destabilizing the peasant economy by slaughtering pigs and liberalizing Creole, so outrageous, the whole economy of the country under the pretext of integration into the regional and global economy. This process was accelerated under the military regimes and other democratic regimes to varnish in no way undermined oligarchic structures, unfair and inequitable that characterize the Haitian social formation.
After the earthquake, all social movement organizations have taken one of the recommendations around which they have been fighting for many years demanding a break with the system and with neoliberal policies that have proven themselves during the past 40 years including waves of liberalization in the early 80s (1982-1987), 90 (1994-1997) and the 2000-2010 decade marked by the blind application of public policies modeled after the structural adjustment program . Thus, many social movement organizations have banded together in Haiti to launch a campaign for a “moratorium” of at least 5 years on the agreements on trade liberalization and the establishment of an economic and social policy outside the logic of market and structural adjustment policies.
This first phase of the Campaign for a period of ten (10) months, from January to October 2011.
The main objective of the campaign is to require the State of Haiti to seek and obtain the Parties a moratorium of at least five (5) years on trade liberalization agreements while advocating for the establishment of policies government to strengthen the capacity of countries to renegotiate these agreements for the benefit of its economic and social development and effective integration. Overall objective of this follow from other more specific objectives:
1 – To popularize the contents of these agreements and showing their consequences and implications for the country in general and the disadvantaged in particular;
2 – Show the illegitimacy and illegality of these agreements with regard to Haitian law, the constitution and international conventions on human rights particularly DESC;
3 – Force the Haitian state to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR);
4 – Help strengthen people’s struggles for Public Policy Alternatives in Haiti;
5 – Propose and promote elements of public policy alternatives
6 – Connect to our plea mobilizations and movements similar to regional and international levels;
7 – Helping to change the paradigms of international cooperation based on the logic of market and structural adjustment policies, and
– Haiti continues to participate in negotiations under the Doha Round (WTO), down from consensus to define economic and social policies that can enable him to participate in the integration process
– The Haitian government will extensively explore the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) with the EU and renegotiate the terms in relation to national development policies
– Haiti gets a moratorium on payments of debt service to international financial institutions (IFIs) and that these funds are reinvested in the establishment of structures and economic and social infrastructure to facilitate access by DESC populations.
– The Haitian government and Parliament to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
– The Haitian government initiates the process of developing sustainable public policy with all segments of the Haitian people to build the capacity of countries to participate in the integration process at regional and global sovereign manner.
The major activities of the campaign will be several orders including:
1) training, information, advocacy, mobilization with the participation of groups of artists, intellectuals, musicians Haitian
2) advocacy with the main targets: the Government of Haiti, the Haitian Parliament, international institutions and regional
3) proposal of alternatives and recommendations for public policies to identify and / or adopted in the country and setting up structures needed
4) peaceful demonstrations, sit-ins, and social activities, etc..